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Endocrine diseases

Endocrinology is a field of medicine that deals with the diseases of endocrine glands. Endocrine glands are essential in maintaining a stable and suitable internal milieu of the human body. Endocrine glands are the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid and suprarenal glands, gonads and pancreas. These glands produce special substances — hormones, that are secreted directly into the bloodstream and implement a multitude of actions in human body.

Endocrine diseases result from reduced or excessive action of one or several hormones. Another kind of endocrine diseases relates to their structural changes. The most common endocrine diseases are those of the thyroid gland and diabetes.

Diseases caused by excessive hormone action are treated with blockers of the hormone synthesis or by reducing the mass of the endocrine gland – by surgery or radiotherapy. Diseases with reduced hormone action are treated by replacing the deficient hormone or with substances of similar effect either orally or by injection.